La d mocratie des cr dules

Author: Gérald Bronner
Publisher: Presses Universitaires de France
ISBN: 2130625134
Format: PDF, Docs
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Pourquoi les mythes du complot envahissent-ils l’esprit de nos contemporains ? Pourquoi le traitement de la politique tend-il à se « peopoliser » ? Pourquoi se méfie-t-on toujours des hommes de sciences ? Comment un jeune homme prétendant être le fils de Mickael Jackson et avoir été violé par Nicolas Sarkozy a-t-il pu ètre interviewé ã un grand journal de 20 heures ? Comment, d’une façon générale, des faits imaginaires ou inventés, voire franchement mensongers, arrivent-ils à se diffuser, à emporter l’adhésion des publics, à infléchir les décisions des politiques, en bref, à façonner une partie du monde dans lequel nous vivons ? N’était-il pourtant pas raisonnable d’espérer qu’avec la libre circulation de l’information et l’augmentation du niveau d’étude, les sociétés démocratiques tendraient vers une forme de sagesse collective ? Cet essai vivifiant propose, en convoquant de nombreux exemples, de répondre ã toutes ces questions en montrant comment les conditions de notre vie contemporaine se sont alliées au fonctionnement intime de notre cerveau pour faire de nous des dupes. Il est urgent de le comprendre.

A Short Course in Intellectual Self Defense

Author: Normand Baillargeon
Publisher: Seven Stories Press
ISBN: 1609800044
Format: PDF
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What is the relationship between democracy and critical thinking? What must a citizen in a democracy know to make the word democracy meaningful? In A Short Course in Intellectual Self-Defense, historian and educator Normand Baillargeon provides readers with the tools to see through the spin and jargon of everyday politics and news reporting in order to decide for themselves what is at stake and how to ask the necessary questions to protect themselves from the manipulations of the government and the media. Whether the issue be the call to what we’re told will be a bloodless war, the "debate" around Intelligent Design, or the meaning of a military expenditure, Baillargeon teaches readers to evaluate information and sort fact from official and media spin.

Nouvel Ordre cologique

Author: Luc Ferry
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226244839
Format: PDF
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Is ecology in the process of becoming the object of our contemporary passions, in the same way that Fascism was in the 30s, or Communism under Stalin? In The New Ecological Order, Luc Ferry offers a penetrating critique of the ideological root of the "Deep Ecology" movement spreading throughout the United States, Germany, and France. Traditional ecological movements, or "democratic ecology," seek to protect the environment of human societies; they are pragmatic and reformist. But another movement has become the refuge both of nostalgic counterrevolutionaries and of leftist illusions. This is "deep ecology." Its followers go beyond practical critique of human greed and waste: they call into question the very possibility of human coexistence with nature. Ferry launches his critique by examining early European legal cases concerning the status and rights of animals, including a few notorious cases where animals were brought to trial, found guilty, and publicly hanged. He then demonstrates that German Romanticism embraced certain key ideas of the deep ecology movement concerning the protection of animals and the environment. Later adopted by the Nazis, many of these ideas point to a profoundly antihumanistic component of deep ecology that is compatible with totalitarianism. Ferry shows how deep ecology casts aside all the gains of human autonomy since the Enlightenment. Far from denying our "duty in relation to nature," The New Ecological Order offers a bracing caution - against the dangers of environmental claims and, more important, against the threat to democracy contained in the deep ecology doctrine when pushed to its extreme.

Belief and Misbelief Asymmetry on the Internet

Author: Gérald Bronner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1848219164
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book discusses the media, beliefs, the news, the Internet, etc. but it should not be seen as yet another critique of the media system, exploring with indignant fascination the idea of a machination against truth set up to serve a society of domination. These kinds of theories, whether they pertain to conspiracy theories or, more subtly, to a self-styled "critical" way of thinking, have always seemed to be the expression of a form of intellectual puerility. This is not to say that attempts at manipulating opinions do not occur, or that our world is free from compromised principles, or indeed corruption; far from it, but none of this is the key issue. In fact, reality can somehow be even more unsettling than those myths, however sophisticated they may be, that envisage the media system hand-in-hand with industry, science, and so forth, all in agreement so as to lead the "people" away from the truth. It is more unsettling because the processes described in this book and that allow falsehood and dubiousness to take hold of the public sphere are boosted by the development of IT, the workings of our minds, and the very nature of democracy. And finally, it is more unsettling because we are all responsible for what is going to happen to us.

Divagations

Author: Stéphane Mallarmé
Publisher: Theclassics.Us
ISBN: 9781230428062
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Ce livre historique peut contenir de nombreuses coquilles et du texte manquant. Les acheteurs peuvent generalement telecharger une copie gratuite scannee du livre original (sans les coquilles) aupres de l'editeur. Non reference. Non illustre. 1897 edition. Extrait: ... naguere, traite de Danse, M. Rodenbach, ecrit aisement des phrases absolues, sur ce sujet vierge comme les mousselines et meme sa clairvoyance--a propos d'une statue exposant, deshabillee, une danseuse--les accumule, les allonge, les tend par vivants plis; puis constate le soin propre aux ballerines depuis les temps de compliquer de toutes sortes d'atours vaporeux l'ensorcellement des danses, ou leur corps n'apparait que comme le rythme d'ou tout depend mais qui le cache . Lumineux a l'eblouissement. Une armature, qui n'est d'aucune femme en particulier, d'ou instable, a travers le voile de generalite, attire sur tel fragment revele de la ) forme et y boit l'eclair qui le divinise; ou exhale, de retour, par l'ondulation des tissus, flottante, palpitante, eparse cette extase. Oui, le suspens de la Danse, crainte contradictoire ou souhait de voir trop et pas assez, exige un prolongement transparent. Le poete, par une page riche et subtile ('), a, du coup, restitue a l'antique fonction son caractere, qu'elle s'etoffe; et, sans retard, invoque la Loie Fuller, fontaine intarissable d'elle-meme--pres le developpement de qui ou les trames imaginatives versees comme atmosphere, les coryphees du Ballet, court-vetues a l'exces, manquent d'ambiance sauf'l'orchestre et n'etait que le costume simplifie, a jamais, pour une spirituelle acrobatie ordonnant de suivre la moindre intention scripturale, existe, mais invisible, dansle mouvement pur et le silence deplace par la...

The Life of Joan of Arc Complete

Author: Anatole France
Publisher: Library of Alexandria
ISBN: 146560491X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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FROM Neufch‰teau to Vaucouleurs the clear waters of the Meuse flow freely between banks covered with rows of poplar trees and low bushes of alder and willow. Now they wind in sudden bends, now in gradual curves, for ever breaking up into narrow streams, and then the threads of greenish waters gather together again, or here and there are suddenly lost to sight underground. In the summer the river is a lazy stream, barely bending in its course the reeds which grow upon its shallow bed; and from the bank one may watch its lapping waters kept back by clumps of rushes scarcely covering a little sand and moss. But in the season of heavy rains, swollen by sudden torrents, deeper and more rapid, as it rushes along, it leaves behind it on the banks a kind of dew, which rises in pools of clear water on a level with the grass of the valley. This valley, two or three miles broad, stretches unbroken between low hills, softly undulating, crowned with oaks, maples, and birches. Although strewn with wild-flowers in the spring, it looks severe, grave, and sometimes even sad. The green grass imparts to it a monotony like that of stagnant water. Even on fine days one is conscious of a hard, cold climate. The sky seems more genial than the earth. It beams upon it with a tearful smile; it constitutes all the movement, the grace, the exquisite charm of this delicate tranquil landscape. Then when winter comes the sky merges with the earth in a kind of chaos. Fogs come down thick and clinging. The white light mists, which in summer veil the bottom of the valley, give place to thick clouds and dark moving mountains, but slowly scattered by a red, cold sun. Wanderers ranging the uplands in the early morning might dream with the mystics in their ecstasy that they are walking on clouds. Thus, after having passed on the left the wooded plateau, from the height of which the ch‰teau of BourlŽmont dominates the valley of the Saonelle, and on the right Coussey with its old church, the winding river flows between le Bois Chesnu on the west and the hill of Julien on the east. Then on it goes, passing the adjacent villages of Domremy and Greux on the west bank and separating Greux from Maxey-sur-Meuse. Among other hamlets nestling in the hollows of the hills or rising on the high ground, it passes Burey-la-C™te, Maxey-sur-Vaise, and Burey-en-Vaux, and flows on to water the beautiful meadows of Vaucouleurs. In this little village of Domremy, situated at least seven and a half miles further down the river than Neufch‰teau and twelve and a half above Vaucouleurs, there was born, about the year 1410 or 1412, a girl who was destined to live a remarkable life. She was born poor. Her father, Jacques or Jacquot d'Arc, a native of the village of Ceffonds in Champagne, was a small farmer and himself drove his horses at the plough. His neighbours, men and women alike, held him to be a good Christian and an industrious workman. His wife came from Vouthon, a village nearly four miles northwest of Domremy, beyond the woods of Greux. Her name being Isabelle or Zabillet, she received at some time, exactly when is uncertain, the surname of RomŽe. That name was given to those who had been to Rome or on some other important pilgrimage; and it is possible that Isabelle may have acquired her name of RomŽe by assuming the pilgrim's shell and staff. One of her brothers was a parish priest, another a tiler; she had a nephew who was a carpenter. She had already borne her husband three children: Jacques or Jacquemin, Catherine, and Jean.

Participatory Culture in a Networked Era

Author: Henry Jenkins
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745689434
Format: PDF, ePub
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In the last two decades, both the conception and the practice of participatory culture have been transformed by the new affordances enabled by digital, networked, and mobile technologies. This exciting new book explores that transformation by bringing together three leading figures in conversation. Jenkins, Ito and boyd examine the ways in which our personal and professional lives are shaped by experiences interacting with and around emerging media. Stressing the social and cultural contexts of participation, the authors describe the process of diversification and mainstreaming that has transformed participatory culture. They advocate a move beyond individualized personal expression and argue for an ethos of “doing it together” in addition to “doing it yourself.” Participatory Culture in a Networked Era will interest students and scholars of digital media and their impact on society and will engage readers in a broader dialogue and conversation about their own participatory practices in this digital age.

The Southern New Hebrides

Author: C. B. Humphreys
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107455561
Format: PDF, ePub
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Originally published in 1926, this book was written to provide an 'account of some of the ethnological conditions of the Southern New Hebrides'. The text gives information on various aspects of life in Tanna, Anaityum, Futuna, Aniwa and Erromango. Whilst much of the content is undoubtedly dated, it allows a unique insight into the development of ethnology and its interaction with the South Pacific region. A detailed bibliography is also included. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in ethnology, anthropology and the South Pacific islands.

What is the West

Author: Philippe Nemo
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780820703756
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this short, illuminating, and very readable work, Philippe Nemo argues that what we call 'the West' is one and only one cultural entity, to which both North America and Western Europe belong. In contemporary debates, then, Nemo asserts, it is simply incorrect to exaggerate the differences or gaps between countries that are indeed 'Western'. Brilliantly and succinctly surveying the last five or six millenia, Nemo pieces together the history of the Wests development. He weaves together political events, philosophical discoveries, religious movements, and scientific and technological innovations to demonstrate the factors that have influenced and shaped Western culture. Already translated from the original French into Portuguese, Italian, German and Greek, What is the West? has received considerable interest throughout Europe; earlier this year, in fact, it received the Italian 'Citte della Rose' prize for essays. Now available for the first time in English, this book will be essential reading for those interested in contemporary cultural debates on Western culture and nationhood, as well as American values; as well as those interested in world history and politics, philosophy and religion, and contemporary global politics. Not geared to specifically conservative or liberal viewpoints but to an accurate rendering of historical ideas and trends, Nemos book should do much to advance our understanding of each other in an increasingly global community.